Historical Timeline

year event
1327 Edward II dies, Edward III becomes King of England
1330 Edward, Black Prince of Wales, heir to Edward III is born
1338 Lionel of Antwerp (Clarence), second heir to Edward III, is born
1340 John of Gaunt (Lancaster), third heir to Edward III, is born
1341 Edmund of Langley (York), fourth heir to Edward III, is born
1355 Phlippa of Ulster, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, is born
1359 John of Gaunt marries Blanche of Lancaster
1364 Henry Percy (Hotspur) is born… three years before Bolingbroke is born
1365 Edward of Angouleme, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales, is born
1367 Richard of Bordeaux, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales (and future Richard II), is born
Henry Bolingbroke, son to John of Gaunt, and future Henry IV, is born
1368 Lionel of Antwerp (Clarence), second heir to Edward III, dies
Phlippa of Ulster, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, marries Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March
1369 Blanche of Lancaster, wife to John of Gaunt, dies
1371 Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter to Philippa of Ulster and Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March, is born
1372 Edward of Angouleme, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales, dies
1374 Roger Mortimer 4th Earl of March, son to Philippa of Ulster and Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March, is born
1376 Edward Black Prince of Wales, heir to Edward III, dies
Edmund Mortimer, son to Philippa of Ulster and Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March, is born
1377 Edward III dies
Richard II crowned King of England at age ten
1379 Henry Hotspur Percy marries Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Philippa of Ulster and Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March
1381 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March dies
1382 Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia
1386 Henry Bolingbroke marries Mary de Bohun, sister of Eleanor de Bohun, making Gloucester and Bolingbrook both uncle and nephew AND brothers-in-law
1387 Prince Hal, son of Henry Bolingbroke, and future Henry V, is born
1388 Hotspur defeats the Scots and 2nd Earl of Douglas
1389 John, son of Henry Bolingbroke, is born
1394 Anne of Bohemia dies of plague without providing an heir for Richard II
Constance of Castille, John of Gaunt’s second wife, died
Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry Bolingbroke, dies
1396 John of Gaunt marries (again) Katherine Swinford, with whom he had fathered four children in the 1370’s
1397 Thomas of Woodstock (Gloucester), fifth heir to Edward III, is murdered in prison (presumably under Richard II’s order)
1398 EVENTS OF RICHARD THE SECOND BEGIN (both Bolingbroke and Richard are 31 years old, and Richard is in the 21st year of his reign)
1400 EVENTS OF RICHARD THE SECOND END (Richard dies in captivity [February 14])
Owen Glendower begins his rebellion against the English
1402 Battle of Bryn Glas: Welsh leader Owen Glendower captures Edmund Mortimer (June)
Edmund Mortimer marries Catrin Glendower, daughter of Owen Glendower
Hotspur defeats the Scots and Mordake (the son of the regent of Scotland) (September)
EVENTS OF THE FIRST PART OF HENRY THE FOURTH BEGIN
1403 Battle of Shrewsbury (July)
EVENTS OF THE FIRST PART OF HENRY THE FOURTH END

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