Historical Timeline

year event
1307 Edward I dies
1308 Edward II marries Isabella of France (daugher of Philip IV, and sister to three French kings) then withn a month is crowned King of England
1327 Edward II dies, Edward III becomes King of England
Charles IV of France dies, leaving no heir; by ENGLISH thinking, Edward III is King of France, as well; French “Salic Law” refuses to recongize a king who descends via the female (as Edward III had through Isabella); Philip of Valois becomes Philip VI of France (even though he is a first cousin of Charles IV, and further in blood from Charles than was Edward III)
1330 Edward, Black Prince of Wales, heir to Edward III is born
1337 Edward declares himself King of France; the Hundred Years’ War begins
1338 Lionel of Antwerp (Clarence), second heir to Edward III, is born
1340 English navy defeats France at the coast of the Netherlands; English now control the channel
John of Gaunt (Lancaster), third heir to Edward III, is born
1341 Edmund of Langley (York), fourth heir to Edward III, is born
1346 England invades France
1347 England takes Calais after year-long seige
1350 Phlip VI dies; John II of France begins reign
1355 Edward Black Prince of Wales goes to France with his own mlitary command
Thomas of Woodstock (Gloucester), fifth heir to Edward III, is born
1356 John II captured at Battle of Poitiers
1359 John of Gaunt marries Blanche of Lancaster
1360 Treaty of Calais ends first portion of Hundred Years’ War; Edward gains control over more French territories
1361 Edward Black Prince of Wales marries Joan of Kent (his cousin, after receiving papal permission and absolution)
1364 Charles V of France begins reign
Henry Percy (Hotspur) is born… three years before Bolingbroke is born
1365 Edward of Angouleme, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales, is born
1367 Richard of Bordeaux, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales (and future Richard II), is born
Henry Bolingbroke, son to John of Gaunt, and future Henry IV, is born
1368 Lionel of Antwerp (Clarence), second heir to Edward III, dies
1369 Blanche of Lancaster, wife to John of Gaunt, dies
1371 John of Gaunt marries Constance of Castille while simultaneously beginning an affair with Katherine Swynford (fathering four children by her… don’t worry, he’ll marry her later)
1372 Edward of Angouleme, son to Edward Black Prince of Wales, dies
1373 Edward, son of Duke of York (Aumerle), is born
John of Gaunt assumes command of English army in France
John Beaufort, then illegitimate child of John of Gaunt, is born
1375 Henry Beaufort, then illegitimate child of John of Gaunt, is born
1376 Edward Black Prince of Wales, heir to Edward III, dies
Thomas of Woodstock (Gloucester) marries Eleanor de Bohun
1377 Edward III dies
Richard II crowned King of England at age ten
Thomas Beaufort, then illegitimate child of John of Gaunt, is born
1379 Joan Beaufort, then illegitimate child of John of Gaunt, is born
1381 Richard II puts down Wat Tyler uprisings
1382 Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia
1386 Henry Bolingbroke marries Mary de Bohun, sister of Eleanor de Bohun, making Gloucester and Bolingbrook both uncle and nephew AND brothers-in-law
1387 Prince Hal, son of Henry Bolingbroke, and future Henry V, is born
Thomas, son of Henry Bolingbroke, is born
1388 Thomas of Woodstock (Gloucester) leads the Lords Appellant uprising against Richard II, weakening the king’s power
1389 John, son of Henry Bolingbroke, is born
1390 Humphrey, son of Henry Bolingbroke, is born
1394 Anne of Bohemia dies of plague without providing an heir for Richard II
Constance of Castille, John of Gaunt’s second wife, died
Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry Bolingbroke, dies
1396 John of Gaunt marries (again) Katherine Swinford, with whom he had fathered four children in the 1370’s
1397 Richard II marries Isabella, daughter to new King of France Charles VI, age seven
1397 Richard II deposes the Lords Appellant and imprisons Gloucester
1397 Thomas of Woodstock (Gloucester), fifth heir to Edward III, is murdered in prison (presumably under Richard II’s order)
1398 EVENTS OF RICHARD THE SECOND BEGIN
both Bolingbroke and Richard are 31 years old, and Richard is in the 21st year of his reign
1398 Bolingbroke and Mowbray make their accusations
1398 Richard banishes Mowbray and Bolingbroke
1399 John of Gaunt dies (February)
Richard II leaves for the Irish Wars (May)
Bolingbroke lands at Ravenspur (June)
Richard returns from Ireland (July 24)
Richard II surrenders (August 19)
Richard II imprisoned in Tower of London (September 1)
Richard II resigns crown (September 29)
Bolingbroke is crowned King Henry IV (October 13)
1400 Richard dies in captivity (February 14)

Comment?